Periodontal disease is extremely common; however, many people do not know what all is involved in periodontal disease, and periodontal therapy as a treatment solution. Periodontal disease is commonly referred to as gum disease, an infection in the gums which function to hold the teeth in place. Gum disease has multiple stages, and by catching it early, you can prevent further damage. In early stage gum disease, or gingivitis, gums are generally swollen and red, and may bleed with brushing. In later stages, the gums will begin to recede, swell and bleed heavily, and can even cause teeth to loosen and fall out. If left unchecked, studies have shown gum disease can also be linked to heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimers, and fertility concerns for women.